Noise legislation and Noise limits in Indonesia
There are a few regulations related to noise in Indonesia. These regulations are written on different levels and regulate different fields. Some of them are:
- Noise level limits
KEP-48/MENLH/11/1996 (Ministerial Decree of the Minister of Environment No.48, the year 1996 concerning noise limits).
This decree regulates the noise level limits in the different types of an area as well as the measurement and calculation method to determine the day-night noise level. This decree requires businesses and activities to report noise levels every three months to the governor, ministry, or other institution which is responsible for environmental impact control. The noise limits are as follows:
|Area:||Noise level (dBA):|
|Trade and Services||70|
|Green open spaces||50|
|Government offices and public places||60|
|Airport, train station, and harbour||70|
|Hospitals and other health services||55|
|School and other educational services||55|
|House of worship||55|
- Noise regulations for vehicles
Ministerial Decree of the Minister of Environment No.07 year 2009 concerning noise limits for a new motored vehicle.
According to Indonesian regulation, noise is required to be measured for every vehicle on the road to be granted permits.
The ministerial decree’s scope is the noise limits, testing method, and reporting method for new motored vehicles.
- Occupational noise and vibration limits
Ministerial Decree of the Minister of Labor No.5 year 2018 concerning health and safety in the working environment.
This decree regulates the noise and vibration limit for workers. Those limits are:
|Exposure time per day||Noise level in dBA|
Hand-arm vibration limit
|Exposure time per day||Acceleration resultant in x-axis, y-axis and z-axis|
|Below 0.5 hour||20|
Whole body vibration limit
|Exposure time per day||Limit|
- Noise in buildings
- Laws of Republic of Indonesia No.28 year 2002 concerning building
- Government Regulation of Republic of Indonesia No.36 year 2005.
This law and regulation state that noise must be considered in designing a building. In the explanation part of the regulation, it is stated that noise control should be started as early as the technical design phase, both through building design and land use planning. Noise control measures must be added for construction of tollways in a residential area or city centre.